Group C — Old Quarters and Hoan Kiem Lake

Hanoi Hoan Keim lake

        Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. 
The city is located on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is located at 1,760 km (1,090 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.
  Hoan Keim Lake means "Lake of the Returned Sword" or "Lake of the Restored Sword" in Vitenam. This lake is a historical center of Hanoi. this name "Lake of the Returned Sword" or "Lake of the Restored Sword" came about by a legend believed by the Vietnamese. As the legend goes, emperor Le Loi (He was Emperor of Vietnam and founder of the Later Le dynasty. Lê Lợi is among the most famous figures from the medieval period of Vietnamese history and one of its greatest heroes.) handed a magic sword called Heavens will ,from a fisher man who was fishing from the Huan Hiem lake, which brought him victory in his revolt against the Chinese Ming dynasty back to the Golden Turtle God (Kim Qui) in the lake and hence gave it its present name.Using the sword, General Le Loi won the battle against the Mongolians. Then when the general was going on a boat on the Huan Kiem Lake, a turtle emerged from the lake and the sword was brought into the mouth of the turtle,then it disappeared into the depth of the water. Then the Vietnamese made a memorial to remember how General Le Loi saved Vietnam.The General Le Loi is known to be one of the top 10 general in the world. There are creatures/water animals sighted in the lakes for example.either of the species Rafetus Swinhoei or a separate species named Rafetus Leloii in honor of the emperor.

    A stroll round the lake at any time of the day is always of interest there are many thing that we are able to see old men smoking bamboo pipes while playing Chinese chess or mah-jong, young lovers, students seeking foreigners to talk to in order to practice their language skills and a host of other activities of varying degrees of legality.
However, it is in the very early morning when Hoan Kiem Lake is at its best from a visitor’s point of view. Most mature and elderly Vietnamese people are devotees of fitness regimes. As dawn breaks, they emerge in their thousands to find pleasant locations for callisthenics, jogging, tai chi and so on. Many converge on Hoan Kiem Lake’s attractive gardens and paths.
During the dawn, form reviews i found out that, it is the best time of day to view the wonderful lake. In my opinion, many elderlies and the matured people come in the morning to reflect or think about the history of their country and to pay their respects to the fallen heroes that they believe in. Also during the morning is the time when it is the most quietest and the most suspended time of the day.

   From research on the internet i found many stories that interested me in about this lake in Hanoi.About giant tutors and how they are one of the most sacred or important animals.But unfortunately most of them are stories or legends which i doubt many will believe in. But these stories are very fascinating and i think these stories are worth a while to read on the net or travel guide.

The Oldest church of Hanoi made by French

The Hanoi Cathedral is also known as St Joseph’s Cathedral or Nha Tho Lon. It is the oldest church in Hanoi and was built in the 11th and 12th centuries under the Ly dynasty.

After two years of its construction, the Hanoi Cathedral opened on 25 December 1886. The design of the Hanoi Cathedral was similar to the design of the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. The large space at the front of the Hanoi Cathedral is peaceful and quiet. Therefore, many young residents of Hanoi often visit to escape from the busy city of Hanoi.

By 2004, the Hanoi Cathedral had more than 280 000 believers which is about 5.3% of its population. It also had 59 priests and 132 parishes.

     Old Quarters

   Being one of the oldest continuously developed area of Vietnam, Hanoi's Old Quarter has a history that spans over 2,000 years and represents the lively spirit of the city. Starting of as a swamp, it later evolved into a cluster of villages made up of houses on stilts. The Chinese also called the area "Dominated Annam" and "Protected South"

The crowded road of the Old Quarter

Because inhabitants of each street came from the same village, streets developed a close look. Commoners' homes were built out of market stalls, before streets were formed.
The Old Quarter has a rich religious heritage. When the craftsmen moved from outlying villages into the capital, they brought with them their religious practices. They shifted their temples, pagodas and communal houses to the Old Quarter.
The old streets of Old Quarters were also called “36 streets”, however, there were actually more than 36 streets.

   - United

Allen: I learnt many history and interesting stories about the Hoan Kiem Lake. About the generals and the mythical sword. If i had a chance i would like to know more about the History about the general Le Loi who is one of the top 10 general in the world.And the Old quarter Place such a fascinating place where i got to look at traditional and other items that i can never see in Singapore.It was very good experience today at looking at new items from Vietnam.

Gavin:I learnt many interesting facts and stories of Vietnam in many places like the Hoan Keim Lake and also many other things like learning about Ho Chi Minh and also more stuff like looking at Le Loi who reigned Vietnam for a period of time.

Wei Siew: I learnt about the Hoan Kiem Lake and the reason why Ho Chi Minh lived in stilt houses.
I also saw many interesting places and buildings in Vietnam which includes the Old Quarters, the Hanoi Cathedral.
Jonathan: I learnt the history of the Hoan Keim Lake and the Old Quarters. Also, I learnt that Ho Chi Minh was the 2nd president of Vietnam and was the man who led the revolution. Lastly, I learnt about a few of the important people in Vietnamese history like the kings.

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